packaging

Used Wood Pallets

Wood pallets are used to protect, transport and store goods in a supply chain environment. Wood pallets are transported by forklifts, pallet jacks or conveyors. Most pallets can carry a load of 2205 lbs. (1,000 kg). Pallet dimensions are measured stringer length first, with the deckboard as the second dimension.

Two-way pallets are designed to be lifted by the deckboards. For optimal cubage in a warehouse, the deckboard dimension should be the shorter dimension. This allows the deckboards to be more rigid.

Two-way pallet

Four-way pallets, or pallets for heavy loads, are best lifted by their more rigid stringers. For optimal cubage in a warehouse, the stringer dimension should be the shorter.

Four-way pallet

Stringer pallet

Stringer pallets utilize a frame of three or more parallel pieces of timber, called stringers. The top deckboards are then attached to the stringers to create the pallet structure. Stringer pallets may have a notch cut into them to allow "four-way" entry.

Block pallet

Block pallets (also referred to as Manoj pallets) are typically stronger than stringer pallets. Block pallets use both parallel and perpendicular stringers to better facilitate efficient handling. A block pallet is also known as a "four-way" pallet, as a pallet-jack may be used from any side to move it.

Block Pallet

Perimeter base pallet

All stringer and some block pallets have "unidirectional bases," i.e. bottom boards oriented in one direction. As automated handling equipment can be designed for this, often it can operate more effectively if the bottom edges of a pallet have bottom boards oriented in both directions. For example, it may not need to turn a pallet to rack it, and operation is less resistant to pallet orientation.

The least expensive pallets are made of softwood and are often considered expendable. They tend to be discarded as trash along with other wrapping products. These pallets are simple stringer pallets, and liftable from two sides.

More complex hardwood block pallets, plastic pallets and metal pallets can be lifted from all four sides. These more expensive pallets usually require a deposit and are returned to the sender, or resold as used. Many "four way" pallets are color coded according to the loads they can handle. Wooden pallet construction specifications can depend on the pallet's intended use: general, FDA, storage, chemical, export; the expected load weight; type of wood desired: recycled, hard, soft, kiln dried or combo (new & recycle); and even the type of fasteners desired to hold the pallet together: staples or nails.

Phytosanitary Compliance

In accordance of the International Plant Protection Convention (abbreviated IPPC), most pallets shipped across national borders must be made of materials that are incapable of being a carrier of invasive species of insects and plant diseases. The standards for these pallets are specified in ISPM 15. Pallets made of raw, untreated wood are not compliant with ISPM 15.

In order to be compliant the pallets (or other wood packaging material) must meet debarked standards, [ and must be treated by either of the following methods under the supervision of an approved agency:

  • Heat Treatment - The wood must be heated to a minimum core temperature of 56 C (132.8 F) for at least 30 minutes. Pallets treated via this manner bear the initials HT near the IPPC logo.
  • Chemical Fumigation - The wood must be fumigated with methyl bromide. Pallets treated via this method bear the initials MB near the IPPC logo. Treated wood pallets must be stamped on two opposite sides, indicating either HT for heat treated or MB for methyl bromide treatment.

Pallets made of non-wood materials such as steel, aluminum, plastic or engineered wood products, such as plywood, oriented strand board, or corrugated fiberboard do not need IPPC approval, and are exempt from ISPM 15 regulations.

Companies and organizations utilize hundreds of different pallet sizes around the world. While no single dimensional standard governs pallet production, a few different sizes are widely used. Below are the top 10 North American pallet dimensions based on number produced, as well as industries served.

Dimensions (LxW) & Industries Served

40x48

Grocery, industrial, many others  

42x42 Telecommunications, Paint
48x48 Drums
48x40 Military, Cement
42x48 Chemical, Beverage     
40x40 Dairy
45x48 Automotive
44x44 Drums, Chemical
36x36 Beverages
36x48 Beverage, Shingles, Packaged Paper  

Container Exchanger works with sellers across the nation to offer a variety of used wood pallets. The sales team at Container Exchanger can assist you in choosing an economically priced accurate sized recycled used pallet that best suits your storage and shipping needs. Visit containerexchanger.com to see the used wood pallets available now. Most of the companies that buy our used pallets also discover that they have used crates, totes, or bins that they can sell as well. We will broker any used returnable packaging for your company.

Wood Pallets for Sale

Wanted Wood Pallets

Follow this link to see a representation of our used wood pallets.

 

 
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